This picture is of a carrot. The long orange carrot is a large taproot for the carrot plant. The carrot part that we eat stores nutrients for the carrot plant. This modified root helps the plant because the carrot plant has a long root that stores nutrients but short stems and leaves that serve to perform photosynthesis. The carrot plant is biennial and lives for two years, so the first year the carrot grows a long nutrient-filled taproot and then the leaves (during winter) shrivel up and then during spring, they come back to life and absorb the nutrients stored in the taproot. This modified plant root of the carrot plant allows the plant to live to the second year and reproduce.