C3 Plant

Plants in which the Calvin cycle uses CO2 directly from the air are called C3 plants because the first organic compound produced is the three-carbon compound 3-PGA. C3 plants are common and widely distributed, and some of them, such as soybeans, oats, wheat, and rice, are important in agriculture. One of the problems that farmers face in growing C3 plants, however, is that dry weather can reduce the rate of photosynthesis and decrease crop productivity. In the image below there is a small bowl filled with rice, because rice plants are ideal examples of C3 plants.Image

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