Asexual Reproduction

Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction that only involves one parent that produces genetically identical offspring. This can be through budding, the division of a cell or organism into two or more parts, or other methods. In plants, asexual reproduction is known as vegetative propagation. This produces plant clones, which are genetically identical to the parent. Vegetative propagation often involves fragmentation, which is the separation of a parent plant into parts that develop into whole plants. For example, the garlic bulb pictured here is an underground stem that functions for storage. A single bulb fragments into several parts, called cloves. Each clove can give rise to a separate plant, thus the green shoots that emerge from some of them when peeled. The white coverings are leaves. The potato, also pictured here, can be formed through asexual reproduction in a potato plant, in a process similar to that of the garlic bulb. However, instead of the bulb, the potato plant has tubers, enlarged structures that come from the plant’s rhizomes and that store food in the form of starch.

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