ATP stands for adenosine triphosphate. It consists of the nitrogenous base, adenine, a 5 carbon sugar, ribose, and 3 phosphate groups. It is the main energy source for our cells. Our body can obtain ATP through the chemical breakdown of glucose and other food molecules into energy that can be used to make ADP (Adenosine diphosphate) into ATP; this process is called phosphorylation. Through the process of hydrolysis, ATP can then become ADP along with 1 phosphate group and some energy. The energy released from bonds in ATP, through hydrolysis, are used to fuel our bodies. The picture shows food molecules covered in sucrose (all the better) which will later be broken down into energy used to make ATP and then hydrolyzed into ADP, a phosphate group, and some energy, which I will use to finish typing this sentence. Yum.


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